According to the ancient Ayurvedic studies and sages, human body has three types of doshas, Vatta, Pitta and Kapha, which arise from the compositions of our body. These doshas govern the mind and body. Each individual has these three types of doshas in their body but everyone has one more than the other or one is dominating. The characteristics a person is born with determines the main constitution of their body but the problems or diseases that erupt will tell them which pitta is in excess or unbalanced.
Vatta dosha: Vatta is an element of air and space, and it is associated with movement (wind) of pulse, breath, muscle, tissue, cells, mind, and nerves. Vatta characteristic are slim body; creative and flexible. Excess vatta leads to dry skin, constipation, arthritis, dandruff, bloating, gas, muscle twitch, insomnia, paralysis, toothache, and weakness. Balancing food: sour, salty, sweet and oily foods will help balance the lightness of Vata. Ghee and low fat dairy is also beneficial. Minimize gassy foods and raw vegetables.
Pitta dosha: Pitta is composed of fire and water elements and it controls intelligence, digestion, body temperature, and metabolism. Pitta characteristics are bold and competitive; yellowish or red skin prone to freckles and rashes; irritated by heat. Excess Pitta causes irritability, anger, excessive thirst, heartburn, ulcers, diarrhea, weight loss, rashes, inflammation, and jaundice. Balancing food: Eat sweet, astringent and bitter foods; and avoid salty, sour and pungent foods. Eat cooling foods like cucumbers, aloe vera, amla. Avoid dairy, alcohol, coffee, nuts (peanut), and chilli peppers, honey
Kapha dosha: Kapha is water and earth energy; hence it is heavy, cool, dense, and cloudy. It promotes structure and stability. It hydrates cells, moisturizes skin, maintains immunity (lymphatic system), and protects joints. Kapha characteristics are soft spoken and physically strong; calm and trustworthy; prefer heat to cold; rich appetite. Excess Kapha causes lethargy and depression; overeating or anorexia; weight gain, excess mucus and fatty arteries. Balancing Foods: Favor pungent, bitter and astringent tastes and avoid sweet, sour and salty. Dairy, light fruits, vegetables, beans are great.
4 ways to balance these three doshas in body:
Do not drink water during or after meal: To digest your meals, your digestive tract releases juices, referred to as fire in Ayurveda. Like fire cooks and breaks down food, the thermodynamics of the digestive juices do the same. Adding water right when these juices are at work adds water on fire and stops the process. Undigested food causes diseases and so many more problems arise from the consequence. Tip: Drink water 40 minutes before and 1 hour after meal. If you are thirsty after breakfast or lunch, you can have buttermilk and or fresh fruit juice. If thirsty after dinner you can drink milk. These are beneficial.
Take Sips of Water: Drinking water in sips helps more saliva into the digestive tract and saliva helps fix acidity. It is also beneficial to drink water in sips for your brain because more oxygen is easily available to your brain. It helps nourish the body more efficiently because the water is distributed throughout instead of just flushing it out.
Do not drink cold water: Water should be drunk in room temperature or higher temperature. It is a common sense visible in nature with animals and birds. They do not drink water out of the fridge or with ice in it because it unbalances the body’s temperature.
Drink water as soon as you wake up: It helps flush out your body right away, so drink 2-3 glasses of water first thing in the morning.
Include these steps in your daily routine to stay healthy and fresh.